Chandrayaan-3 Launch Explained: India’s Ambitious Lunar Mission


India’s space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is on the verge of launching Chandrayaan-3, a mission with significant importance and potential. With a budget of Rs. 615 crores, this mission is touted as ISRO’s most challenging endeavor to date. In this article, we will delve into the reasons behind India’s investment in space exploration, the lessons learned from previous missions, the objectives of Chandrayaan-3, and the impact of India’s space program on the nation.

Chapter 1: Why is Chandrayaan Important?

Chandrayaan-3 Launch Explained: India's Ambitious Lunar Mission
Chandrayaan-3 Launch Explained: India’s Ambitious Lunar Mission

Chandrayaan holds significance not only for India’s space program but also for its economy. While the moon may appear relatively close to the Earth, the truth is that it is an immense distance away. The moon serves as a geopolitical milestone, and countries that have successfully achieved a soft landing on its surface, such as the United States, Russia, and China, have gained strategic advantages. Soft landing is crucial because it demonstrates a nation’s capability to execute complex space missions and opens doors to international collaborations and projects.

India’s past missions, such as Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2, have provided valuable insights. Chandrayaan-2, in particular, aimed to accomplish a soft landing, but due to a software glitch, it fell short of its objective. Chandrayaan-3 aims to rectify these mistakes, showcasing India’s technological advancements to the world.

Furthermore, the south pole of the moon, with its perpetually hidden regions and ancient craters, holds the potential for crucial discoveries. It is believed that large quantities of water and essential resources may be present in these craters, making them essential for future space missions.

Chapter 2: How is Chandrayaan-3 Different?

Chandrayaan-3 incorporates several improvements over its predecessor. Firstly, the payload has been simplified, consisting of a rover and a lander. The powerful lander has been redesigned with stronger legs and an increased engine capacity to ensure a successful landing. Additionally, Chandrayaan-3 will carry instruments such as SHAPE (Spectro-Polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth), which will gather data about Earth and aid in the search for habitable exoplanets.

The launch vehicle, LVM 3, used for Chandrayaan-3, has the capability to carry 30% more weight than previous vehicles, showcasing India’s progress in space technology. Moreover, the cost of the mission has been significantly reduced, demonstrating increased efficiency and effectiveness.

Chapter 3: ISRO’s Value and Impact

Critics often question the expenditure on India’s space program, arguing that resources should be directed toward alleviating poverty and addressing social issues. However, ISRO’s contributions extend far beyond space exploration. The agency’s satellites provide crucial data for disaster management, national security, and weather prediction. They enable timely warnings, aiding in the evacuation of millions of people during cyclones and offering vital information for agricultural planning.

Moreover, ISRO’s budget is a mere 0.8% of India’s GDP, significantly lower than other government expenditures. The agency’s accomplishments and cost-effectiveness have positioned it as a reputable organization, launching satellites for various countries worldwide. By fostering space startups and capitalizing on the growing space industry, India has the potential to generate significant revenue and bolster its economy.


Chandrayaan-3 represents India’s continued pursuit of space exploration and technological advancement. The mission’s objectives align with India’s aspirations for global recognition and progress. ISRO’s efforts have not only contributed to scientific research and innovation but have also impacted disaster management, national security, and economic growth. As India embraces the challenges and opportunities of space exploration, it paves the way for a brighter future for humanity, both on Earth and beyond.

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